Applying for an EORI number
Pub Date
European Union

The Economic Operators' Registration and Identification System (EORI) is a European Union (EU) wide initiative that helps businesses communicate with customs officials when they are importing and exporting goods. The number allows for the tracking of imports and exports within the EU. By registering in one Member State businesses are able to obtain an EORI number that is valid throughout the EU. The EORI can be used in communications with any customs authorities in the EU.

An EORI application is made to HMRC and usually takes about 3 days to be processed. UK EORI numbers start with the letters ‘GB’. Most are then followed by a 12 digit number based on the businesses VAT number. There is an EORI checker available to check EU-wide numbers on the Europa website.

An EORI is required in order to allow businesses to provide pre-arrival/pre-departure information for goods. The number is also used by those involved in the import, export or movement of goods under a transit procedure. Most businesses involved with imports or exports to or from the EU will require an EORI number.

An EORI number is required for businesses who are already registered or who wish to register for Authorised Economic Operators (AEO) status. Businesses that hold the AEO standard have complied with internationally recognised supply chain security standards. For now, there are no changes to the current system. Any changes to the UK’s trading rules with the EU will be negotiated as part of Brexit.